various formats and genres
- appreciation of illustrations
to story tell; left-right orientation-Learning to listen
-Exploring mediums; sensory experience
-Self- expression-Art appreciation
-Learning colours, shapes-Pre-printing forms
-Fine motor development; left-right orientation
-Language development: lexicons and rules
Sensory – water, sand, mud and
malleables. New experiences in touching textures, hearing, smell, sight and
taste, weight, volume, measurement and inventing; fine motor development
-Movement in gross motor: sports, gardening, water, dirt, mud and
composting; developing an appreciation and respect for our natural world;
building self-confidence and coordination; gross motor development and socializing.
-Imagination and expression
-Working with a group in a play relationships
playing; self-help skills
solving and sharing
and space Socializing
Music and Movement
-Enjoyment of song
-Voice / Vocabulary
-Awareness of body-Sound & Rhythm discrimination
concepts; with materials, songs, stories and cooking
skill building; construction, blocks -Sorting,
classification, matching, seriation -Weighing,
-Rote to rational
Science and Nature
-Divergent thinking skills development
-Exploring what is different
-Early concepts using science equipment
-Self-expression in symbols, words illustrations, and an early experience as an author
-Exploring and inventing Inventors
Planning, estimating, creating in wood; using
Self-confidence; categorizing; sense of
Exploring Light and Shadows
beads on gold paper
Kaleidoscopes in a jeweled basket
Jewel coloured liquid in boxes
jewels with coloured cellophane
Disco ball and tree lights
Based on the
book, And So They Build, by author
Bert Kitchen, animal homes were created by recycling materials; A string spider web over a basket; a beaver
dam in the water table: tall dry grass
collected when we went on a walk created
a mouse house; clay used to make a sparrow’s nest; a mud circle became the frog
habitat and cardboard tubes became the
September 2004: we added a
bridge close to the garden.
The children helped design
and build the bridge.
The curved branches inspired
the shape of the bridge.
field mouse house made from dry grass with a mouse finger puppet
Hippo and Turtle in water table
Clear Tub with Dirt
Who lives underground and who lives above?
Fill tub with dirt and invite the children to place
the toy creatures above or dig a hole for underground.
a log and rocks on top for the above ground habitat
Water, Mud, and a Bridge
Getting wet is half the fun! With protective clothing, children may
explore freely and creatively with the properties of dirt, sand, water, and
With child size shovels and hoes, rivers are created in the gravel area,
bridges are designed, boats are built, and a waterfall supplies the water. Loose
parts is a term used to describe materials used to build and construct.
Loose parts is beyond buckets, shovels and trucks. Loose parts include logs,
stumps, branches, two by four pieces of wood, bales of hay, bricks, large
rocks, large pieces of cloth for outdoor forts, beach umbrellas, plastic
gutters for water, and anything you think a child would enjoy building,
creating and inventing with.
The type of play changes when children add water to the sandbox.
Sandcastles become homes and farms with tunnels. The properties of wet and dry
sand are explored and a tactile experience begins. Add sticks, logs, and rocks to encourage diverse creativity in
The Mud Easel
Make mud by mixing “safe” dirt and water.
Use a variety in the sizes of paintbrushes.
When the painting is completed, hose off and begin again.
bigger the easel = increased motor movement.
space is limited indoors, this could be the only place to “paint big.”
Children’s Own Books
I use a binding machine to make
individual books for the children. The books are 215mm by 279 mm white paper.
The children are free to enter what they like, and we see basic scribbles to
pictorials with words. This is a wonderful documentation of emergent literacy.
As the skills emerge, the children ask for spelling of words and create their
own stories. Many of the children read their stories to their friends at story
time. Even “basic scribbles” books are read. This is one of the most successful projects in early literacy.
The children’s Individual books documents their
early literacy skills as well as art. The books include notes from the teachers
and pictures of the children engaged in play and learning as well as capturing
Leaves and Cones
Sorting leaves by colour